The department of Infectious Diseases of Belarusian State Institute for Advanced Medical Training was founded in 1939 and based at Minsk Infectious Hospital. The first years of the department’s functioning were closely connected with the history of the Great Patriotic War. Specialists of the department – Z.A.Kaplan and Y.S.Klein - participated in the Great Patriotic War, they rendered medical care to the Red Army soldiers and the civilian population, and received military awards.
During the postwar years, the department restarted its work. From 1944 to 1955, it was headed by professor Vyacheslav Kosmachevsky.
In the 60th , the department was headed by professor Maria Bessonova, a pediatrician from Odessa. At that time, the department dealt with the study of the clinics, pathogenesis and treatment of pediatric infections, rachitis, pneumonia, changes in the cardiovascular system at acute poliomyelitis and tuberculous meningitis in children.
From 1964 to 1987, the department was headed by Nadezhda Bondareva. Under her supervision, there had been created the first in the USSR division of intensive care for infectious patients at Minsk Infectious Clinical Hospital.
From 1972, there had been organized visiting courses to Central Asia, to the Far East and throughout Belarus.
In 1987, the department was headed by professor Zhan Rebenok. Under his supervision, there had being improved the methods of diagnostics and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, had being studied the mechanisms of pathogenesis and peculiarities of HIV diagnostics. Professor Zhan Rebenok created the first in Belarus Advisory Medical Center for Sepsis Control and Care. In 1992, the department got a new clinical base – Minsk Children’s Infectious Clinical Hospital.
In 1998, the department was headed by professor Anna Kluchareva. Under her supervision, in 1998, there had been created the Republican Scientific and Practical Center for Diagnostics and Treatment of Chronic Viral Hepatitis, in 1999 – the Republican Children’s Hepatological Center.
In September, 2005, due to the reorganization of Belarusian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, there had been created two new departments: the Department of Infectious Diseases (head of the department, Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor V.A. Matveev) at City Infectious Clinical Hospital and the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, which was headed by Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor A.A. Kluchareva, at City Pediatric Infectious Clinical Hospital.
In 2010, two departments were united and there had been appeared one separate department – the Department of Infectious Diseases and Pediatric Infections, which was headed by Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor A.A. Kluchareva, and based at two infectious in-patient clinics.
Since 2019, Yuri Gorbich, an associate professor, has been in charge of the department.
The department offers retraining courses on infectious diseases for infectious disease specialists, pediatricians, therapists, and advanced training courses for infectionists, pediatricians and physicians of other specialties.
The department regularly organizes republican conferences with international participation on different problems of infectious pathology.
The main directions of the research work:
- diagnostics, prognosis and treatment of chronic viral hepatitis;
- diagnostics and treatment of rotaviral infection;
- peculiarities of diagnostics, clinics and treatment of HIV-infection;
- diagnostics, clinics of parvoviral В19 infection in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients;
- modern vaccinal prevention;
- infectious complications of patients with immunodepression and transplantation;
- peculiarities of pathogenesis, diagnostics and treatment of sepsis;
- peculiarities of diagnostics, treatment and prevention of infections caused by Clostridioidesdifficile.
Clinical work of the department
The Department of Infectious Diseases and Pediatric Infections has two clinical bases at infectious clinics of Minsk (for adults and children), which are considered to be republican centers for infectious pathology of children and adults of the Republic of Belarus. Besides, specialists of the department constantly consult patients from Minsk Emergency Clinical Hospital and Republican Scientific and Practical Center for Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Immunology.
Specialists of the department render medical care to the most complicated patients with infectious pathologies. A special attention is given to the treatment of viral hepatitis, HIV-infection, sepsis, infectious endocarditis. Besides, the staff carries out antimicrobial therapy in patients who are in critical condition.
The department offers training on infectious diseases at clinical residency for therapists and pediatricians. Annually, more than 5 clinical residents from Belarus and abroad undergo training on a full-time and part-time basis.
The main advanced training courses
Advanced training courses cover the issues on actual problems of infectious pathology, being clearly oriented to the practical needs of the healthcare. The training is undergone by infectionists (heads of divisions and residents), therapists working in outpatient clinics, physicians working at admission divisions of multifield hospitals, emergency physicians, other specialists who are involved in rendering of medical care to patients with spreading infection processes. Topics of the courses are closely connected with epidemic situation in the Republic of Belarus. Thus, at present, the courses cover the issues of new and very important infections: HIV, serum hepatitis, flue, herpetic viral infections, also aspects of etiotropic antiviral, antibacterial and fungicide therapy.
A list of advanced training courses:
- Infectious diseases in immunocompromised patients (for pediatrician, neonatologists, infectionists, hematologists, general practitioners);
- Etiotropic therapy of actual viral and bacterial infections (for infectionists, pediatricians, neonatologists, general practitioners);
- Actual issues of sepsis (for pediatricians, neonatologists, anesthesiologists and intensivists, infectionists, general practitioners);
- Infection control (for pediatricians, neonatologists, infectionists, general practitioners, for chiefs and deputy chiefs, working at healthcare organizations);
- Antiviral therapy (for pediatricians, neonatologists, neurologists, infectionists, general practitioners);
- Infections of the central and peripheral nervous system in children: etiology, clinics, diagnostics, treatment and prevention (for pediatricians, neonatologists, neurologists, emergency physicians, infectionists, general practitioners);
- Perinatal infections: diagnostics, treatment, prevention (for pediatricians, neonatologists, obstetricians and gynecologists, infectionists, general practitioners);
- Herpes-viral and other respiratory infections in children (for pediatricians, neonatologists, neurologists, infectionists, general practitioners);
- Immunoprophylaxis of infectious diseases in children. National calendar of preventive vaccination of the Republic of Belarus and immunobiological drugs in addition to the national calendar (for pediatricians, neonatologists, infectionists, general practitioners);
- Infectious diseases (full-time retraining);
- Differentiated diagnostics, syndrome and intensive therapy of infectious diseases (for pediatricians, neonatologists, therapists, neurologists, infectionists, emergency physicians, intensivists, admitting physicians, general practitioners).
- Treatment and prevention of HIV-infection in children, teenagers and adults (for pediatricians, neonatologists, infectionists, therapists, neurologists, dermatovenerologists, pulmonologists, obstetricians and gynecologists, general practitioners).
The training is carried out in the form of lectures, seminars, interactive classes; the trainees participate at scientific, clinical, hospital conferences, round tables, discussions of clinical cases, ward rounds.
The department has worked out a distance training course on perinatal prevention of HIV transmission from a mother to a child.